Southeast Asia with Peter – Page 12

Southeast Asia with Peter – Day 16

This morning we visit the Bayon temple through the south gate of Angkor Thom.  We had our choice of transport..I thought an elephant ride would be nice, but I think the elephants might have been a bit too heavy for me,IMG_5492 Instead, we walked across the bridge and through the south gate.

IMG_5493

Along the bridge were sculptured heads.   Pete and I did some mugging:IMG_5496 IMG_5498Before we toured  the Bayon temple, Rath gave us a course in ancient stone cutting.  These temples a 800 to 1000 years old and there was some clever work done: IMG_5503 Sandstone blocks were fitted together by scraping them back and forth against each other using a hoist and a swinging motion.

IMG_5504Fitted stones were then carved.  Any holes from the fitting were smoothly filled. The stones were then put in place in the temple. IMG_5506Rath is standing on a block of laterite.  When moist, laterites can be easily cut with a spade into regular-sized blocks.  Laterite is mined while it is below the water table, so it is wet and soft. Upon exposure to air it gradually hardens as the moisture between the flat clay particles evaporates and the larger iron salts lock into a rigid lattice structure and become resistant to atmospheric conditions Historically, laterite was cut into brick-like shapes and used in monument building. After 1000 AD construction at Angkor Wat and other southeast Asian sites changed to rectangular temple enclosures made of laterite, brick and stone.

We’ll see how this was done later.

IMG_5510This was our first view of the Bayon temple.

We weren’t the only ones here.  There was a  troop of monkeys following us:IMG_5515 IMG_5512

We entered the temple and walked around inside. You could walk anywhere.IMG_5523 IMG_5527

These are “Face Towers” They are featured on the front cover of the latest OAT trip catalog.IMG_5549The construction plan of Bayon is complicated and seems still in the mystery, especially the four face towers. Many various conclusions from many scholars about the meaning of this towers. Mostly said that the four face towers represent Buddha .

IMG_5546

 

IMG_5520

IMG_5552

Bayon temple was built with three separate levels, the first and second levels contain galleries featuring bas-reliefs. At the third level there are a series of chambers with towers at each corner. The area is somehow confusing due to passageways being walled up, it’s like walking in a maze. 

There were actors representing the Apsara dancers pitcured on temple carvings.  Thet would pose with you for a donation:IMG_5540

IMG_5531Ole had some camera fun setting up Pete and I ” nose-to-nose” with a tower face. We had similar smirks:

IMG_5548 IMG_5550

We finally found our way out of the Bayon temple and moved on.IMG_5554

We stopped for a photo op at the “Elephant Terrace”.  This terrace and The Terrace of the Leper King (this name is due to a statue being reminiscent of a Khmer legend of an Angkorian king who had leprosy)  are within the grounds of Angkor Thom, and are not Angkor temples, but rather remaining features of the ancient city walls of Angkor Thom. Elephant Terrace is a formidable 1000 foot complex, which was the foundation for royal reception pavilions

IMG_5556

IMG_5555

Our next Temple stop was at Ta Promh temple aka “The Jungle Temple”IMG_5560On our way there we passed this group of musicians playing traditional Cambodian music.  If you look closely, you’ll note that several have missing limbs.  This is the result of accidents with unexploded US bombs.  Not nice! 

IMG_5562Here is the Jungle Temple. The temple is noted for it’s huge trees growing and engulfing the structure.  You may also know it as the temple in the “Laura Croft – Tomb Raider” movie. Some pics of the trees and roots are below:

IMG_5580 IMG_5582 IMG_5583 IMG_5586It’s pretty amazing how the trees have grown in and around the structures. They can’t be removed now because, in most cases, the trees are holding up the structure! Note, however, the building blocks that have fallen.

It was lunch time so we left Angkor Thom and went to the Bayon restaurant.IMG_5591IMG_5594A typical lunch.  All the Cambodian we had food was great!!!

Go to Page 13